Brief Timeline of Events
1950 - 1960 Timeline
By Pauline Weston Thomas for Fashion-Era.com
The scientific and mass production advances made during the
second World War,
meant that the fifties changed forever the way people lived, for example, technological changes in fibres, communication and medicine.
The fifties changed all our lives so that we do live
differently now. Take a look at some 1950s events that have had a long term effect on
War in Korea.
Confirmation of Hydrogen
Bomb Programme by President Truman.
Credit card system introduced in
Pucci opened the Fashion House of Emilio Pucci.
Mass production of computers began.
First organ transplant takes place. The world population numbers 2.52 billion.
(World population now estimated at 6,442,515,501 (CIA))
1 in 7 UK families owned a
car. Average UK annual salary £101.
USA average annual salary $2992 -
when dollars were $4 to £1
Festival of Britain and nationwide
celebrations in UK.
Rock and roll and colour TV starts in USA.
Identity cards made essential for South Africans to identify race.
Dresses without waistlines were shown by Balenciaga.
Ready to wear boutiques from designer Balmain, opened in New York.
A new beauty competition: Miss World. The still camera is given a built in flash.
UK population was
50,290,000, by May 2005 it was estimated at 60,422,986.
USA population was 154,877,889, by May 2005 it was
estimated at 295,376,287.
In 1959 the population of India was approx
364.127,000. India in 2005 is now estimated at 1,078,432,720
New USA president Dwight Eisenhower
The Neo Edwardians, Teddy Boys or Teds are seen around London.
Churchill became Prime Minister in UK under Conservatives.
Identity cards and then food rationing ended.
Givenchy showed his first collection in Paris.
Salk polio vaccine used
to save humans from poliomyelitis infection.
In UK the family norm was 2.2 children, compared to 3.5 children in 1905
and 1.7 children in 1997.
Clean Air Act 1952 - UK compulsory use of smokeless fuels
eventually end smogs and winter deaths. In London John Cavanagh and Victor Stiebel open fashion salons.
Queen Elizabeth II crowned
in June 1953.
Everest conquered by Hillary and Tensing.
DNA the secret of life discovered by James Watson and Frances Crick.
McCarthy witch hunt hearings took place in USA. A new regime took over in Russia when Stalin died.
Dupont began commercial production of Dacron at a plant in
North Carolina, to produce Dacron (polyester)
French power and dominance in Vietnam
ended when French forces were defeated at Dien Bien Phu.
made illegal in USA.
The four minute mile is broken by Britain's Roger Bannister.
54% of American homes had television sets. Coco Chanel reopened her Paris fashion salon after a long closure.
In the USA the civil rights campaign
Warsaw Pact agreement signed.
In England, the felt-tip pen was introduced.
Tests begin on fibre optics for future mass digital communication.
Bill Haley's "Rock Around the Clock" rocks the world.
Mary Quant opened boutique, Bazaar, in Kings Road London. Film idol of teenagers
James Dean dies in a car accident.
60% of Americans were in the "middle class," having incomes between
$3,000 and $10,000 per year.
The Suez Crisis. The Suez Canal was
nationalized and control taken from Britain and France.
became an international, world acclaimed star with Love Me Tender film.
IBM created the first hard disk drive.
Prince Rainier III of Monaco married film star Grace Kelly. Velcro fastening introduced to public.
Sputnik 1 the first satellite to orbit
the earth launched into space by the Russians. The space age becomes a
European Economic Community established and Channel tunnel (the
Chunnel) between England and France seriously proposed.
Christian Dior dies.
Givenchy launched famous
sack line a forerunner of 60's shifts. Lasers developed.
Average price of a UK house was £2170.
Bonds and Ernie monthly money draw started in UK.
De Gaulle became President of France.
Stereo LP records first sold.
Experiments first began in a desire to create the modem.
Paris fashion dictated shorter skirts above the knee.
Yves St.Laurent introduced the
Last debutantes presented at
Court in UK. USA annual family income reaches $5000.
Castro took power in Cuba and became
the new Dictator.
Barbie dolls invented for children.
The microchip was invented, making way for future home computers. Mary Quant designed suit shapes that later hallmark the
look. Alaska and Hawaii join the USA and become states of North America.
1 in 3 UK families owned a car.
Average UK male annual salary
£190. USA population reaches 177,829,628.
Motown Records start up
setting new styles of music in the sixties.
Almost 60% of American families
owned their own homes.
By the end of the fifties most American
households owned their own car and washing machine.
of Americans owned at least one television set.
World Population in 1960 grown to 3
CIA estimated World population in 2005 at over 6
billion at 6,442,515,501
Obviously this 1950s timeline will always be incomplete, but
it give you a flavour of the decade. If you have very interesting one
liner 'important or relevant' to the site facts about the era, please
post them in the forum here -
For more information about the 1950s Era and main links
to 1920s, 1930s and 1940s sections click on the titles below:-
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